NEW: Guidance and resources for schools and teachers to support pupils who use EAL and their families to help mitigate any learning and language loss experienced during school closures.
Most schools will have several policies which have relevance to the teaching, learning and well-being of learners who use English as an Additional Language (EAL). Foremost of these will be the equality and diversity policy. Schools in the UK have a statutory obligation under the Equality Act (2010) to promote equality of opportunity for pupils whatever their race, religion or belief as well as other protected characteristics.
In many schools, language will be subsumed within other policies such as literacy and communication. Some schools may include language in their equality policy. For schools with significant numbers of learners who use EAL it is essential to produce a separate EAL or language policy.
Writing a language policy is a way of making an important statement about the kind of school you want to be, whether it is welcoming, inclusive, supportive, multilingual, diverse, or indeed all of the above. But writing the policy is only half the work. It is by actively involving staff and pupils in the design of the policy and by implementing it – from the classroom to the canteen – that the key policy messages will start to resonate around the school and really begin to have a meaningful impact on teaching and learning.
Evans et al (2016) recommended that schools develop “a school-wide language policy in relation to the use of different languages in the school, and…[develop] appropriate approaches to the use of home languages in the school and classroom.”
When creating a school’s language policy, it is also important to consider its wider impact, in terms of whether it ultimately promotes or discourages multilingualism. Research demonstrates that it is beneficial to provide opportunities for learners to use all their languages to both access the curriculum and to develop their proficiency in English (see Multilingual Support page for further information).
Finally, it is crucial to consider – and elicit – learners’ perspectives when creating a language policy; after all, it is for their benefit. Try to think about what the top-level statements mean for the learners, both EAL and non-EAL, in the everyday classroom. Consistency is paramount here. It is important to allow for sufficient flexibility so that teaching and learning support staff are able to make their own professional decisions about what best suits the individual learners in their classes. In addition, the policy also promotes an evidence-informed, whole school approach resulting in consistent, principled and effective practices among teachers.
1. Introduction / Mission statement
Consider what the school’s position is on the following:
2. Statement of aims and commitment
What is the school aiming to achieve? What is the role of language(s) in the school? How should this language policy be used and interpreted?
Provide information about the local context, the history and diversity of language and culture in your Local Authority area.
Include a definition of EAL, the Government defines EAL learners as:
‘A pupil is recorded to have English as an additional language if they are exposed to a language at home that is known or believed to be other than English. This measure is not a measure of English language proficiency or a good proxy for recent immigration.’ (DfE Schools, Pupils and their Characteristics July 2020)
Give further information about the specific school context:
4. Key principles for second language acquisition
What are the key messages to include in the policy with regard to:
5. EAL teaching and learning
6. Planning, monitoring and evaluation for EAL
7. Special Educational Needs and Gifted and Talented Pupils
Consider the following questions:
8. Assessment and record keeping
What is provided in terms of:
10. Parents/carers and the wider community
How will the school welcome and encourage parents to become involved in the life of the school?
11. Key responsibilities and staff development
How will the school ensure there is an effective staff structure in place to support learners using EAL, and how will the school ensure staff are informed about best practice in this area?
12. Monitoring, review and evaluation of the policy
When will the policy be reviewed and evaluated? By whom?